Difference between revisions of "Small Multiples"

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{{Definition|As [[Edward Tufte]] states, '''small multiples''' refer to the principle of using fractions of information representing aspects of a single phenomenon to illustrate differences or changes in it.}}
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{{Definition|A principle introduced by [[Tufte, Edward|Edward Tufte]] [Tufte, 1983, 1990].<br>
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[[Small Multiples]] are small, thumbnail-sized representations of multiple images displayed all at once, which allows the reader to immediately, and in parallel, compare the inter-frame differences.}}
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{{Quotation|Illustrations of postage-stamp size are indexed by category or a label, sequenced over time like the frames of a movie, or ordered by a quantitative variable not used in the single image itself.|[Tufte, 1990]}}
  
 
They typically appear as sets of thumbnail sized graphics &mdash; using the same measures and scale &mdash; on a single page. They:
 
They typically appear as sets of thumbnail sized graphics &mdash; using the same measures and scale &mdash; on a single page. They:
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*Can represent motion through ghosting of multiple images  
 
*Can represent motion through ghosting of multiple images  
 
*Are particularly useful in computers  because they often permit the actual overlay of images, and rapid cycling.
 
*Are particularly useful in computers  because they often permit the actual overlay of images, and rapid cycling.
 
== References ==
 
 
*[Gales, 1999]: Larry Gales, [http://www.washington.edu/computing/training/561/zz-tufte.html ''Graphics and Web Design Based on Edward Tufte's Principles''], 1999.
 
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
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*http://www.edwardtufte.com/
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*Luke Wroblewski, [http://www.uxmatters.com/MT/archives/000044.php Small Multiples Within a User Interface]
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*[http://www.juiceanalytics.com/writing/better-know-visualization-small-multiples/ Better Know a Visualization: Small Multiples] By Zach Gemignani (April 19, 2010)
  
*http://www.edwardtufte.com/
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== References ==
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*[Gales, 1999] Larry Gales, [http://www.washington.edu/computing/training/561/zz-tufte.html ''Graphics and Web Design Based on Edward Tufte's Principles''], Created at: 1999, Retrieved at: 2004. http://www.washington.edu/computing/training/561/zz-tufte.html
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*[Garcia, 1994] Dan Garcia, [http://http.cs.berkeley.edu/~ddgarcia/tufte.html Summary of Edward Tufte's Visualization Course], Created at: 1994, Retrieved at: Oct, 2005. http://http.cs.berkeley.edu/~ddgarcia/tufte.html
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*[Tufte, 1983] Edward R. Tufte, ''The Visual Display of Quantitative Information'', Graphics Press, Cheshire, CT 1983.
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*[Tufte, 1990] Edward R. Tufte, [[Tufte, E.R.: Envisioning Information, Graphics Press, 1990|''Envisioning Information'']], Graphics Press, Cheshire, CT 1990.
  
 
[[Category: Glossary]]
 
[[Category: Glossary]]

Latest revision as of 16:37, 14 April 2013

A principle introduced by Edward Tufte [Tufte, 1983, 1990].
Small Multiples are small, thumbnail-sized representations of multiple images displayed all at once, which allows the reader to immediately, and in parallel, compare the inter-frame differences.
Illustrations of postage-stamp size are indexed by category or a label, sequenced over time like the frames of a movie, or ordered by a quantitative variable not used in the single image itself.
[Tufte, 1990]


They typically appear as sets of thumbnail sized graphics — using the same measures and scale — on a single page. They:

  • Depict comparison, enhance dimensionality, motion, and are good for multivariate displays
  • Invite comparison, contrasts, and show the scope of alternatives or range of options
  • Can represent motion through ghosting of multiple images
  • Are particularly useful in computers because they often permit the actual overlay of images, and rapid cycling.

External links[edit]

References[edit]